‘Adnan, a descendant of Ismail had many children. Among ‘Adnan’s descendants, Fihr bin Malik in particular, was a distinguished chief of the tribe. From Fihr’s descendants, Qusai bin Kilab emerged. He ruled Makkah and held the keys to the Ka’bah. He was the guardian of the waters of Zamzam and was responsible for feeding the pilgrims. He presided at the assemblies where the nobles of Makkah gathered for consultation. He alone controlled the affairs of Makkah.