REFUTING SOME OF THE INSINUATION OF THE ORIENTALISTS ON THE SIRAH
William Muir, one of the orientalists have made the wildest insinuation that the Prophet was, since his boyhood, a life long patient of epilepsy of falling disease with reference to the incident of Shaqq al Sadr. The insinuation originated with the Greeks and was then taken up by subsequent writers.
The orientalists allege that the Prophet (Peace and Blessings be upon him) was subject to the Judeo/Christian influence of his time and that the Quran reflects this influence. It was suggested that Muhammad (Peace and Blessings be upon him) had two big problems if he were to embrace Judaism or Christianity. If he becomes a Christian, he would be bringing in the Christian Byzantine regime to Mecca which will not be tolerated by his people in Mecca, and he could not pretend that he know more than the older members and priests of those two religions - Judaism and Christianity.
In the history of the Prophet (peace and blessings be upon him) there are various distinctive incidents and governing points which direct the Islamic nation in its path. These incidents and points are evident at the levels of victories and defeats, as well as at other levels.
As this question has generated a great deal of literature, I shall confine my answer to the most pertinent points.
This allegation is made by Orientalists, just as it was by their predecessors: Christian and Jewish writers who deeply resented the spread of Islam. The first people to make it were the Prophet's own opponents, as we read in the Qur'an:
[When Our clear revelations are recited to them, the Unbelievers say, of the Truth when it comes to them: "This is evident sorcery!" Or do they say, "He has forged it"?] (Al-Ahqaf 46:7–8)
The Qur'an's substance is a compelling argument for its divine authorship. Those who allege that someone wrote it provide no proof to support their assertion. Other Scriptures, due to human intervention, make claims that we know to be untrue. For example, they give a particular account of creation or of a natural phenomenon (for example, the Flood), which we know from modern scientific facts, such as fossils or astronomic discoveries, to be false.
By Sheikh. Sayed Qutb Egyptian Muslim Intellectual
[It is by Allah's grace that you have dealt gently with them. Had you been harsh and hard- hearted, they would surely have broken away from you. Therefore pardon them and pray for forgiveness for them and consult with them in the conduct of public affairs. When you have resolved about a course of action, put your trust in Allah. Allah loves those who put their trust in Him. ](Aal-`Imran 3:159)
By Mustafa As-Siba`i
The Companions of the Prophet (peace and blessings be upon him) used to take the ruling on different matters in their lives from the Qur’an, which they learned from the Prophet (peace and blessings be upon him). In many instances, the verses of the Qur’an treated a subject in a general manner, without any specific condition and sometimes, the verses would come as an absolute ruling, without any precondition or limitation in terms of time, place, and so on.
By Living Shari`ah staff
In fact, following the Prophet’s guidance and obeying his commands is itself an important obligation.
Islam is the true religion that is meant by Allah to lead humanity to peace, prosperity, and welfare. It has real solutions for all our crises, for it’s a Divine system that derives its rules and teachings from Allah, the Creator of man and the universe. By the same token, man will continue failing to find real solutions to his problems unless in his Creator's message, namely Islam.
The late well-known Muslim scholar Sheikh Muhammad Al-Ghazali wrote few hours before his death that: