The battle of Uhud took place in Shawwal of the third year after the Hijrah. After their nobles had been killed at Badr and they had suffered a calamity the likes of which they had never suffered before, the Quraysh were bent on revenge to restore their lost prestige. So Abu Sufyan(may Allah be pleased with them)began to incite them against the Muslims and recruit various factions. He gathered around three thousand men from the Quraysh and their allies, accompanied by their women to prevent them from fleeing and urge them on.
In his book, Zad al-Ma`ad, Ibn al-Qayyim cited many of the rulings and noble lessons derived from the battle of Uhud, among them:
The Prophet (Peace and blessings of Allah upon him) was gentle with his Ummah. He was never given a choice between two things but that he chose the easier of them in order to avoid difficulty for his people. He (Peace and blessings of Allah upon him) said,
Concerning the leniency of the Prophet (Peace and blessings of Allah upon him) with his Ummah, Anas ibn Malik(may Allah be pleased with them)reported: "While we were in the masjid with the Messenger of Allah (Peace and blessings of Allah upon him), a Bedouin came in and urinated in the masjid. The companions exclaimed, "Stop, stop!" But the Messenger of Allah (Peace and blessings of Allah upon him) said, "Leave him and do not interrupt him." So, they left him until he finished.
In Shawwal of the fifth year, according to the more correct of two statements, the battle of al-Ahzaab, also known as the battle of al-Khandaq, took place. The background of this battle was that the Prophet (Peace and blessings of Allah upon him) had evicted the Jews of Bani an-Nadheer from Madinah the previous year due to their attempt to assassinate him. So, a group of their nobles went to Makkah and incited the Quraysh to fight the Messenger of Allah(Peace and blessings of Allah upon him), promising to assist them against him.
Muhammad, the inspired man who founded Islam, was born about A.D. 570 into an Arabian tribe that worshiped idols. Orphaned at birth, he was always particularly solicitous of the poor and needy, the widow and orphan, the slave and the downtrodden. At twenty he was already a successful businessman, and soon became director of camel caravans for a wealthy widow. When he reached twenty-five his employer, recognizing his merit, proposed marriage.
There are numerous recorded instances of the love of Prophet Muhammad (peace be upon him) for children. In his book, ‘Muhammad: Prophet and Statesman’, the Orientalist W. Montgomery Watt writes (page 229):