Abul hasan ‘Ali Nadwi
Muhammad r was now approaching his fortieth year. He felt a mystifying internal unrest, yet he did not know the rationale behind it. He was himself not aware what the inexplicable confusion meant to him; nor did the idea that God was about to honour him with revelation and Prophethood ever cross his mind. This was how the Prophet r felt, as has been attested by Allah in the Qur’an:
"Al-Isra' and Al-Mi'raj" means the Prophet's Miraculous Night Journey from Makkah to the Farthest Mosque in Jerusalem, and his Ascent through the Spheres of Heavens.
The last days of the Makkan phase of the Prophet's life are noted for alternate fortunes ranging between two extremes: gradual success and continual persecution. However, glimpses of propitious lights were looming on the distant horizon, to ultimately materialize in the event of the Prophet's Night Journey to Jerusalem and then Ascension through the spheres of the heavens.
Hajj is one of the five pillars of Islam and was made obligatory in the tenth, ninth or sixth year, according to different reports. In the tenth year, the Prophet r announced that he intended to perform hajj; this was the only time that he performed hajj after the migration to Madinah.
The Muslims came from all over the Arabian Peninsula to perform hajj with him. He left Madinah five days before the end of Dhul Qa`dah (a lunar month).
When he r halted in Arafat, the following verse was revealed to him:
The Situation in Arabia Prior to Islam
Description: A brief look at the social and political state of the Arabian Peninsula prior to the birth of Prophet Muhammad r.
Arabia in that period was divided into three areas of influence. The north lived under the shadow of two great empires, the Christian Byzantium and the Zoroastrian Persian, empires in perpetual war, so evenly matched that neither could achieve definitive victory over the other. In the shadows of these powers lived the Arabs of the northern region with divided and shifting allegiances.
From Birth to Adulthood
Description: A glimpse at the life of the Prophet prior to revelation.
The Prophet’s Birth
The First Revelations
Description: A detailed account of how the Prophet r, received his first revelations from God.
Persecution in Makkah
Description: The early days of the Prophet’s mission and persecution of the adherents of Islam.
Description: The major events which led to the emigration of the Muslims to Madinah.
Men from Yathrib
The Hijrah of the Prophet r
Description: A detailed account of the migration of the Prophet r from Makkah to Madinah.
The Hijrah (23 September, 622 C.E.)
A New Stage in Madinah
Description: The challenges of establishing a new state in Madinah.