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  د. الشدي في لقاء مع رئيس القسم الديني في بي بي سي

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The Sunnah: the second form of revelation
The Sunnah: the second form of revelation

Allaah, Almighty, Says (what means): "This day have I perfected your religion for you and completed my favor upon you and have chosen for you Islam as your religion." [Quran; 5: 3]

Amongst the believers there is no doubt about this way of life called Islam. It is a complete way of life. The Creator of the heavens and the earth has not left anything out of this glorious religion (way of life) of His. As the above verse states that this religion is perfect and complete. However, something new has come in fairly recent years from Satan, concerning the Sunnah of the Messenger of Allaah  sallallaahu  `alayhi  wa  sallam ( may  Allaah exalt his mention ). It has been suggested by him to the hearts of some of the Muslims that the Quran, as Glorious as it is, is sufficient enough alone as guidance for mankind. Meaning that the Sunnah is something that can be left off, or abandoned. Surely this is a disease that has no place in this wonderful religion (Islam). 

In order to address this issue we must ask ourselves an important question. How do we worship Allaah? Do we worship Him any way we want? Is there a correct methodology to worshipping Allaah? Is it sufficient for us to say and do whatever it is that we feel is worship and then call it worship and it will be accepted as such? Let us consider the saying of Allaah (which means): "O you who believe! Obey Allaah and obey the Messenger, and make not vain your deeds!"[Quran; 47: 33] 

You must know that the Quran and the Sunnah do not contradict one another, rather they complement one another. When Allaah Says in this verse that the Messenger  sallallaahu  `alayhi  wa  sallam ( may  Allaah exalt his mention ) is to be obeyed, he is not only talking to that honorable group of Muslims that accompanied the Prophet  sallallaahu  `alayhi  wa  sallam ( may  Allaah exalt his mention ) during his lifetime. He is speaking to all of the Muslims that will come up until the Last Day. 

Similarly, no one is ready to conceive the notion that when Allaah, Says (what means): “O you who believe!” that the only ones who believe are the Muslims who were with the Prophet  sallallaahu  `alayhi  wa  sallam ( may  Allaah exalt his mention ) at that time and no one after them believed and no one else will ever believe! This would be grossly limiting the Quran. 

Satan is crafty! He may then try to sway your thinking from another angle. He may say that the Quran is simple to understand and that it needs no explanation. For it is true that Allaah Says (what means): "We have indeed made the Quran easy to understand and remember" [Quran; 54: 32]

However, although the Quran is easy to understand, it does need to be explained so that it is properly understood. Allaah Says (what means): "And when We have recited it to you [O Muhammad through Jibreel (Gabriel)] then follow you its (The Quran's) recital. Then it is for Us (Allaah) to make it clear (to you)." [Quran; 75: 18,19] 

Surely if the Quran had to be made clear to the Messenger  sallallaahu  `alayhi  wa  sallam ( may  Allaah exalt his mention ) then how much more so to you and I?

Allaah Says (what means):  "…And We have sent down unto you (O Muhammad) the Reminder, that you may explain clearly to men what is sent down to them, and that they may give thought." [Quran; 16: 44] 

In this verse, Allaah is exhorting the Messenger  sallallaahu  `alayhi  wa  sallam ( may  Allaah exalt his mention ) to not merely recite the Quran but to explain it as well. Obviously, some explanation is required even to the most pious of men.

Furthermore, giving the needed details to carry out certain commands given in the Quran was another very vital role played by the Sunnah. For example, Allaah commands us to establish the Prayers and to pay the obligatory charity (Zakaah), saying (what means): “And establish the prayers and give Zakaah (the obligatory charity) and bow with those who bow [in worship and obedience].” [Quran; 2:43] Yet, nowhere in the Quran does Allaah give the required details to implement His command, and it was the Sunnah that gave us all the details of the how, when, who of this command. 

Additionally, Allaah Says (what means): "…(And) if you differ in anything amongst yourselves, refer it to Allaah and His Messenger, if you believe in Allaah and the Last Day. That is better and more suitable for final determination." [Quran; 4: 59] 

Once again, if we try to leave off the importance of the Sunnah, then how do we implement this verse of the Quran? Allaah orders us to refer our differences to Him. This means for us to seek our answers from the Quran. He also attaches the Messenger  sallallaahu  `alayhi  wa  sallam ( may  Allaah exalt his mention ) to that particular order when He stated for us to refer to Him. If we leave off the Sunnah then this part of the verse has no meaning. Allaah Says (what means): "Whoever obeys the Messenger, has obeyed Allaah." [Quran; 4: 80] 

And (what means): "Say (O Muhammad): If you (really) love Allaah, then follow me, Allaah will love you and forgive you your sins." [Quran; 3: 31] 

How can the Muslims of today follow the Prophet  sallallaahu  `alayhi  wa  sallam ( may  Allaah exalt his mention ) and not refer to his Sunnah? How can we say that we love Allaah and not try to follow the methodology of His Prophet  sallallaahu  `alayhi  wa  sallam ( may  Allaah exalt his mention )? 

Finally I would like to conclude with a Hadeeth (narration) from the Messenger of Allaah  sallallaahu  `alayhi  wa  sallam ( may  Allaah exalt his mention ) that was collected by Imaam Maalik  may  Allaah  have  mercy  upon  him in his book called Muwatta. The Prophet  sallallaahu  `alayhi  wa  sallam ( may  Allaah exalt his mention ) said: "I have left behind two matters. Those who hold fast to them will never go astray: The Book of Allaah and the Sunnah of His Messenger." 

The reason that many of the Muslims are going astray today is because they are not only leaving off the Sunnah but they are leaving the Quran as well! If you are not giving the Sunnah its rights, then you are not giving the Quran its rights. 

Without the Sunnah then the second statement of your Shahaadah (testimony of faith) also has no meaning.