The generosity of Prophet Muhammad was exemplary. He never turned down anyone who asked him for anything if he had something to give, to the point that a man once asked him to give him a garment that he was wearing, so he took it off and handed it over to him.
The Companion Jaabir bin ‘Abdullaah narrated: “The Messenger of Allaah was never asked for a thing by one who may be about to accept Islaam (but was not yet a Muslim), except that he would give it. A man came to the Prophet, who gave him a herd of sheep filling an area between two mountains. When that man returned to his people, he said to them: ‘O my people! Embrace Islaam; Muhammad gives like one who has no fear of poverty.’”
There are many examples reflecting his openhandedness, like the incident when he gave the Companion Al-‘Abbaas such a large amount of gold that he was unable to carry it. Another time, seventy thousand Dirham (a currency of silver coins) were brought to him, so he laid it on the floor and did not stop distributing it to people until he had finished it all.
Forbearance is the ability to control oneself at the time of anger and not to allow himself to say or act in a dispraised manner, even if one was insulted or wronged. This was one of the distinct qualities of the Prophet Muhammad, which he was known for.
During the battle of Uhud, he was injured, his teeth broken and the helmet he was wearing cracked and penetrated through his cheek, piercing it. After all that, Muhammad prayed to God: “O Allaah! Forgive my people, as they do not know (i.e., the consequence of their actions).” Indeed, this reflects utmost forbearance and patience.
A man called Thul-Khuwaysilah said to the Prophet, whilst he was distributing the war spoils: “O Muhammad! Be fair; this division (of yours) is not based on justice and it was not intended to win the Pleasure of Allaah.” Thereupon, the Prophet of God said: “If I do not distribute justly, who would?” He added: “May Allaah have mercy on (Prophet) Moosaa (Moses); he was caused more distress than this, but he remained patient.” It is notable that he neither retaliated nor talked back harshly to that man.
The Companion Anas relates another incident: “Once a Bedouin came to him (i.e., the Prophet) and roughly grabbed his garment to the point that it caused a graze and said: “O Muhammad! Give instructions so that I would get some of the wealth of Allaah that you have with you (in the Muslim treasury).” All that the Prophet did was smile and then he commanded the person in charge (of the treasury) to confer him from the reserve.”
Once, Zayd bin Sa’nah, a Jewish monk at the time, came to the Prophet, demanding the repayment of the debt owed by him; he took hold of his garment and aggressively said: “Indeed you people of the tribe of ‘Abdul-Muttalib are procrastinators (in repaying debts).” The Companion of the Prophet, ‘Umar, stood up and scolded him. All this happened whilst Muhammad was simply smiling and then he said: “O ‘Umar! You should have acted differently. You should have told me to repay him his due, and should have told him to ask for his right in an appropriate manner. Yet there are three days left before his debt is due.” Then he requested ‘Umar to repay him, and to add twenty Saa’ (a measure of weight of food) in compensation, as ‘Umar had terrified him. This reaction was the catalyst for this Jewish man embracing Islaam, who said: “There were two signs left for me to confirm that this man was indeed the awaited Prophet: that he reacts forbearingly and not repulsively when enraged, and when someone wrongs him, this only increases him in forbearance.”
Forgiveness is when someone refrains from retaliating, although he is capable of doing so. This is one of the qualities that reflect perfection of manners and nobility of character. ‘Aa`ishah said: “It was never that the Prophet had a choice between two matters but he chose the easiest of the two, as long as it was not something displeasing to Allaah, and if it was a sin, then he was the farthest from it. Further, never did he take revenge for anything personal, unless it had to do with the commandments of and limits set by Allaah.”
Jaabir narrates: “We accompanied the Messenger of Allaah in the campaign of Thaat-ur-Riqa`; we left him to take rest under a shady tree. One of the polytheists came, drew the sword of the Messenger of Allaah, which was hanging on a tree, and asked: "Who will protect you from me?'' The Messenger of Allaah replied: “Allaah.” As soon as he said this, the sword fell rom the polytheist’s hand and the Messenger of Allaah, catching the sword, now asked him: “Now, who will protect you from me?” The polytheist said: "Please forgive me.'' The Messenger of Allaah said: “On the condition that you testify there is none worthy of worship but Allaah and that I am His Messenger.” He said: "No, but I promise you that I shall not fight against you, nor shall I be with those who fight with you.” The Prophet let him go. The man then went back to his associates and said: "I have come to you from one of the best of humanity…"
Additionally, on the day of the bloodless conquest of Makkah, although he was capable of punishing and killing them, the Prophet pardoned the people of the Quraysh, despite the torture and crimes they had committed against him and his companions in the earlier days of Islaam.
Furthermore, a Jewish woman came to Muhammad and offered him poisoned sheep’s meat to eat, but, miraculously, the meat warned the Prophet against consuming it. When he discovered what she had done, he asked for her motive, to which she replied: “I wanted to kill you.” Thereupon, he said to her: “Never may Allaah enable you to do so.” Then his companions asked: “Should we kill her?” He replied: “No.”
Bravery is a virtuous trait and an honorable quality, which was possessed by the Prophet, as proven in the following instances:
• The testimony of those famous for bravery: The Companion ’Ali bin Abi Taalib was a very courageous man and renowned among Arab fighters as such. He said about the Prophet: “Whenever the battle became hot and the fighting intense, we used to go behind the Prophet to be protected, as no one could come close to him during the battles.”
Also, Anas bin Maalik reported: “The Prophet was the kindest, most handsome and the bravest of all people. Once the residents of Al-Madeenah became terrified when they heard something that sounded like an attack against Al-Madeenah, so he got on an unsaddled horse belonging to Abu Talhah, to investigate the situation alone, and when he returned, he assured them, saying: “There is nothing to be scared of.””
• The extraordinary acts of bravery: During the battle of Hunayn, when the companions fled due to the extreme reverses suffered in the battlefield, the Prophet mounted his mule and proceeded towards the middle of the battlefield alone. Then, he kept on calling his companions saying: “I am the Prophet; there is no lie about this [..] return to me, O slaves of Allaah..”; and they all returned to him and defeated the enemy. It is nearly impossible to reach the level of valor that the Prophet of God, Muhammad, possessed.